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古玩城2020精品推荐第八期:中华民国二年四川造币厂贰百文

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2020-10-24 21:56:40 来源:未知

1911年辛亥革命胜利后,清帝退位,中华民国成立。民国成立时,由于币制尚未建立,主要的造币厂,大都仍沿用前清钢模铸造钱币,以供流通需要,当时四川改铸四川铜元,有二百文、五百文一等币值。随后在颁布的“临时大总统令”中提出要“另刊新模,鼓铸纪念币”,国民政府统一币模后,原本的钱币便停止了铸造发行,因而四川造币厂贰百文铸造量少,流通时间短,极其珍贵。

After the victory of the 1911 Revolution, the Qing emperor abdicated and the Republic of China was founded. When the Republic of China was founded, because the currency system had not yet been established, most of the major mints still used the steel mold of the former Qing Dynasty to cast coins for circulation. At that time, Sichuan changed its coin into Sichuan copper yuan with the value of 200 Wen and 500 Wen 1. Later, in the "provisional presidential decree" issued, it was proposed that "a new model should be published to drum up commemorative coins". After the national government unified the coin pattern, the original coins were stopped to be issued. Therefore, the Sichuan Mint had a small amount of 200 Wen coins, which had a short circulation time and was extremely precious.

四川造币总厂造二百文双旗币,钱币正面圆环内铸有“贰百文”字样,圈内下方为麦穗环绕,圈外上面铸写“中华民国二年”六字,下方铸写“四川造币厂造”六字,左右两侧各饰一朵四角星花纹;钱币背面中间有双旗交叉而立,旗杆系有弯曲的璎珞,双旗笔直挺立,位于珠圈内,圈外上方为英文字体“中华民国二年”,下方为“200文”英文字样。此类钱币根据其背面的旗帜图案,有直缨、曲缨之差异,此枚四川造币厂造二百文属于曲缨双旗。

Two hundred Wen Double Flag coins were made by Sichuan general mint. On the front of the coin, the word "two hundred characters" was cast inside the circle, and the bottom of the circle was surrounded by ears of wheat. On the outside of the circle, the six characters of "made by Sichuan MINT" were cast on the bottom, with a four corner star pattern on the left and right sides. On the back of the coin, there were two flags crossed in the middle, and the flag pole was tied with curved Yingluo Li is located in the Pearl circle, with the English font "year of the Republic of China" at the top and "200 characters" at the bottom. According to the flag pattern on the back of this coin, there are differences between straight tassel and Qu Ying coin. This coin with 200 characters made by Sichuan Mint belongs to Quying Double Flag.

双旗二百文铜元由于不是单一铸造者生产,故其版式亦相应较多。仅仅是有明显差异的版式也在数十种以上。双旗二百文铜元可按其币背交叉双旗下垂之旗缨不同而分为两大类版式,旗缨垂直下垂者,带称“直缨版”;旗缨环绕旗杆下垂者,俗称“曲缨版”。

Because Shuangqi 200 Wen copper coin is not produced by a single foundry, its format is also relatively more. Only there are more than dozens of different formats. The two hundred Wen copper coins can be divided into two types according to the different patterns of the two flags hanging down on the back of the coin. The vertical hanging of the flag tassel is called the "straight tassel plate"; the one with the flag tassel hanging around the flagpole is commonly known as the "curved tassel plate".

 

1913年(民国2年).因尹昌衡率军人藏平叛而代尹继任四川军政府都督的胡景伊,在继续铸造“汉”,增铸重七钱的二百文大面额铜元一种。币面中心直书“贰百文”面值.两旁分列嘉穗图案,上沿糖年号“中华民国二年”,下沿锈厂名“四川造币厂造”,左右分列十字花星。钱币背中央为交叉双旗图,外环殊圈,上沿锈英文“THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA”(中华民国),下沿锈英文“200 CASH(200仙)。这是民国时期四川铜元中唯一使用英文的一种。铸造钢元面额愈大,获利愈厚。胡景伊铸造之二百文铜元。一枚可换当十文铜元二十枚。一枚十文铜元重二钱,二十枚共重四十钱,而一枚二百文铜元仅重七钱,故胡景伊每铸一枚二百文铜元,即可掠夺人民财产十文银元十六枚半。当年所铸二百文铜元则多达200万枚左右,此后逐年增大铸量。1917年(民国6年)罗佩金、戴戡人川主政后,干脆停铸十文、二十支四川铜币,其铸五十文、一百文四川铜币及二百文双旗铜元。至民国13年前后,四川境内大面额二百文铜元完全充斥市面,小面额铜元销声匿迹,或流出省外,或被熔化改铸。民间交易缺乏小面额铜元找补.不得已而将双旗二百丈宰为两半,或宰为四块,当一百文及五十文使用,四川民间俗称其为“宰板”。

In 1913 (Republic of China 2), Hu Jingyi, who took over the post of governor of Sichuan military government for Yin Changheng and led the soldiers to fight against the rebellion, continued to cast the "Han Dynasty" and added a large denomination copper coin of 200 Wen with a weight of seven coins. On both sides of the coin, there are jiasui patterns, with tangnian no. of "the second year of the Republic of China" on the upper side, and the name of the rust factory "made by Sichuan MINT" on the lower side, and the cross flower star on the left and right. In the middle of the back of the coin is a cross double flag, with a special circle on the outer ring. The upper edge of the coin is "the public of China" (Republic of China) and the lower edge is "200 cash (200 immortals). This is the only English language used in Sichuan Tongyuan during the period of the Republic of China. The larger the denomination of casting steel element is, the thicker the profit is. Hu Jingyi cast two hundred Wen copper yuan. One can be exchanged for 20 pieces of ten Wen copper yuan. A piece of ten Wen copper yuan weighs two coins, twenty pieces altogether weigh forty coins, while one 200 Wen copper yuan weighs only seven coins. Therefore, for each 200 Wen copper yuan cast by Hu Jingyi, the people's property can be plundered by Hu Jingyi. In the same year, about 2 million pieces of 200 Wen copper coins were cast, and since then, the casting amount has increased year by year. In 1917 (the 6th year of the Republic of China), after Luo Peijin and Dai Kan people took charge of the government, they simply stopped casting 10 Wen and 20 Sichuan copper coins, and the 50 Wen and 100 Wen Sichuan copper coins and 200 Wen double banner copper coins. Before and after the 13th year of the Republic of China, the large denomination of 200 Wen copper yuan completely filled the market, while the small denomination copper yuan disappeared, either flowed out of the province or was melted and cast. There is a lack of small denomination copper yuan to make up for the folk trade. The two hundred Zhangs of Shuangqi were slaughtered into two parts or four pieces. When they were used for 100 Wen and 50 Wen, they were commonly known as "Zaiban".

 

四川铜币军政府造是1911年10月辛亥革命爆发,12月四川成立大汉四川军政府,四川军政府接管了设在成都的四川造币分厂。为满足军需和保路运动的需要,废除了前清龙模银铜币,新创四川银、铜币模型,于1912年起,由四川造币厂正式开铸四川军政府“汉”字铜元。此枚铜币是1913年铸造的精品钱币,包浆自然,包老包真。它是一枚具有很高收藏价值的精品铜元,也是很重要的一个品类,甚至可以说是民国铜元的主体品种。其未来价值的升值无可限量。藏品虽经历了无穷岁月,但纹路依然清晰可见,上面的锈迹也见证了其历史的积淀,具有非常明显的历史过渡性特征,有着难以言喻的收藏价值。铜币保存较好,钱文、轮廓 的清晰程度较好,具有很高的历史价值、艺术价值和收藏价值。

In October 1911, the revolution of 1911 broke out. In December, Sichuan established the Sichuan military government of the Han Dynasty. The Sichuan military government took over the Sichuan Branch Mint in Chengdu. In order to meet the needs of military supplies and road protection movement, the former Qing Dynasty's Longmo silver and copper coins were abolished, and the Sichuan silver and copper coin models were created. Since 1912, the Sichuan Mint officially opened the "Han" copper coin of the Sichuan military government. This copper coin is a high-quality coin cast in 1913. It is naturally coated with slurry and Baozhen. It is a high-quality copper coin with high collection value. It is also a very important category. It can even be said that it is the main variety of copper yuan in the Republic of China. There is no limit to the appreciation of its future value. Although the collection has gone through endless years, the lines are still clear and visible. The rust on the collection has witnessed the accumulation of its history. It has a very obvious historical transitional characteristics and has an ineffable collection value. The copper coins are well preserved, and their inscriptions and outlines are clear. They have high historical value, artistic value and collection value.

 

 

 

 

 

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